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A moose swam across Lake Waramaug in September 2010 and took a stroll along West Shore Road. Photo by Jack Young.
Spring 2016 Newsletter

Spring 2015 Newsletter

Fall 2014 Newsletter

Spring 2014 Newsletter

Summer 2013 Newsletter

Summer 2013 Updates: Arrow Point Preserve Dedicated to Peter Mullen | Diatom Experiment Encouraging

Spring 2013 Newsletter

Fall 2012 Updates: Lake Conditions | LWTF Receives Awards | Sucker Brook Tree Removal

Summer 2012 Newsletter

Summer 2012 Updates: Summer Lake Conditions | "Saving Lake Waramaug" Documentary | "Phosphorus Reduction Bill Becomes Law |

Spring 2012 Newsletter

Fall 2011: November Update on Lake Conditions | Peter P. Mullen |

Summer 2011: Spring Nutrient Surge | State of the Lake Report |

Summer 2010: 10 Tips for Waterfront Stewardship | Invasive Aquatic Plants Guide | Lake Organizations | Celebrating 35 Years of Lake Restoration | Art Sale Benefits LWTF

Fall 2009: Summer Report on Clarity | Invasive Removals | Online Donations | Leaf Clean Up |

Summer 2009: New Invasive Plants Found | Lake Friendly Lawn Care

Winter 2008/09: 2008 Annual Monitoring Report

Fall 2008: State Park Erosion |  New Brown Trout |  Invasive Plant Council |  Seeing Green? |  Dishwashing Detergent Alert |  Curlyleaf Pondweed Battle |  Major Rain Event Precautions |  Summer Water Clarity | 

Summer 2008: May Water Clarity | Curlyleaf Pondweed | Layer-Air System | Alewives | Gardening Tips | Buffer Plant List PDF

Spring 2008: Curlyleaf Pondweed | Layer Aeration System | Alewives | CT Federation of Lakes |

Winter 2007/08: 2007 Annual Monitoring Report

Summer 2007: Message from Tom McGowan | Curlyleaf Pondweed Battle | State Approves Funding | Lake Conditions & Clarity | Transitions | End-of-Summer Updates

Winter 2006/07: Curlyleaf Pondweed Eradication and Control | Annual Ecosystem Report | State DEP Agreement & Washington Boat Launch | State Aquatic Control Program Needed | Director's Report

Fall 2006: Curlyleaf Pondweed Alert | Special Report PDF | Curlyleaf Indentification Guide PDF

Summer 2006: Director's Letter | Conditions/Water Clarity | Lawn Fertilizer | Summer Intern | Land Preservation | Boat Inspection | Legislative Action Needed | Weed Free Zone | Summer 2006 newsletter PDF

Summer 2013 Updates

Summer 2013 Newsletter PDF

Arrow Point Preserve Dedicated to Peter Mullen


The Mullen family with the Peter P. Mullen dedication plaque. Left to right: Jeff Mullen,
Billie Mullen, Kirby Mullen, Lucy M. Ball, Elaine M. Peer and Peter C. Mullen.
On August 24, a perfect summer evening on Lake Waramaug's Arrow Point, ninety friends of the Mullen family, the Task Force and the Lake Waramaug Association gathered for a ceremony dedicating the LWTF's preserve at the end of the point to Peter P. Mullen.

The dedication plaque reads:

Tom McGowan, Executive Director of the Task Force, spoke of the many contributions made by Mr. Mullen, who passed away in October of 2011. Those initiatives, all of them critical to sustaining the lake's ecological health, are in evidence around the shoreline and in the watershed, and include the purchase of the Arrow Point property that now bears his name.

The preserve is the site of the Robert Frost aeration system, which plays a key role in the controlling of surface phosphorus and the reduction of algae growth.

Diatom Experiment Shows Encouraging Results

In the spring of 2012, the Task Force embraced a Diatom enhancement strategy for the lake at the suggestion of our limnologist Dr. Robert Kortmann.

Diatoms are a "good" form of algae that are prominent in cooler water in the spring. By activating our layer aeration systems earlier, we were able to expand those favorable conditions and hold off the transition to dominance of blue-green or "bad" algae. The trade-off yielded slightly poorer Secchi Disc readings of water clarity in April, followed by significantly better transparency from May through October (see chart).

The enhancement approach will be used again this spring and Dr. Kortmann is considering additional strategies to build on these encouraging results.

Fall 2012 Updates

Lake Conditions

September reports on water quality and aquatic plant life were mostly positive as the lake approached "turnover", that time of year when water temperature at the surface cools, breaking down the normal summer stratification of thermal levels. Turnover also changes the Task Force's strategy for water quality management, as indicated in Dr. Robert Kortmann's report:
"The lake looked very good for this time of year (7+ ft. transparency). The lake did experience significant mixing from storms — only the bottom several meters still stratified. I changed aeration operation to full circulation to take advantage of the accumulated iron for phosphorus removal. You may observe a modest decrease in clarity but I think it sets a good stage for Winter/Spring and next summer."
Dr. George Knocklein's survey of aquatic plants showed no alarming increases in invasives, although there continued to be an increased presence of indigenous large-leaf pondweed. There were also significant amounts of bluegreen algae mats in the northwestern coves. He also noted the appearance of sediment deltas at some drains and brooks other than Sucker Brook (more visible due to the low water level), a development previously reported to the Lake Association and the Task Force that requires our increased attention.

Two Awards Recognize LWTF's Work

On October 3, 2012 the Connecticut Northwest Conservation District held its annual meeting at the Lake Waramaug Country Club. The 2012 Watershed Protection Award was presented to the Task Force and accepted by Tom McGowan. The citation read "In recognition of over 35 years of comprehensive science based stewardship of Lake Waramaug including constant monitoring and scientific consultation on lake health, installation of in-lake Layer Aeration Systems and numerous watershed protection programs to control invasive plants, install buffers, promote wise land use and open space protection". The awards ceremony was followed by an informative discussion of conservation issues by U.S. congressional candidates Andrew Roraback and Elizabeth Esty.

At its annual meeting on October 13, 2013 the Housatonic Valley Association presented the Charles Downing Lay Lifetime Environmental Achievement Award to the Lake Waramaug Task Force and Executive Director Tom McGowan. The Task Force was recognized for "Outstanding leadership, stewardship and advocacy to conserve Lake Waramaug as one of the Housatonic Valley's most beloved natural gems". Mr. McGowan and Chairman Linda Frank accepted the award on behalf of the Task Force, its board of directors and its many supporters.

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Sucker Brook's Growing Delta

Sucker Brook Tree Removal

The Task Force contracted for the removal of dead or dying trees that were lying across Sucker Brook at 13 sites between the Lake and the stream crossing beneath State Rt. 45.

Whereas state and local government can only be involved in tree removal where there is a threat to a highway or other public assets, the Task Force believes that there is a compelling interest with respect to water quality. Trees, rocks and debris can redirect water flow in a manner that will exacerbate the erosion of the streambed and channel more silt into Lake Waramaug, creating and accelerating the buildup of deltas.

Thanks, Linda Kennedy

The Task Force's longtime financial assistant Linda Kennedy has announced her retirement effective January 1. Her great work and advice over the years has been of incalculable value. She will be missed and we wish her much happiness in retirement.

Summer 2012 Updates

Summer 2012 Newsletter is available as a PDF.

Summer Lake Conditions: Pretty Good, Considering...

The lack of snow melt from this past winter, followed by a drier than usual spring, has left Lake Waramaug at a water level that is lower than we've seen in years. In addition, the spring and summer warmth has elevated the water temperature above 80 degrees, high for this time of year.

These extreme conditions yield an ecological mixed bag, but generally speaking Waramaug's water quality is faring very well. Clarity measurements on July 21 were 10.2 and 11.2 feet, remarkably good figures at this point in the season and a significant improvement over last year when heavy rainfall caused unusual phosphorus loading and algae blooms. Whereas warm water temperature can promote algae growth, it appears that this year's lack of phosphorus inflow from the streams and drainage systems has offset that threat, at least for now.

Also encouraging was the latest of our regular inspections for invasive plants, which are of elevated concern during extreme conditions. No new growth was discovered.

More ominously, the low water level has brought the Sucker Brook delta into stark relief, quite literally (see photo above). Aside from the aesthetic and navigation issues, the delta disrupts the normal temperature stratification, with negative consequences with respect to algae, invasive species and the potential for fish kills.


"Saving Lake Waramaug" Documentary Traces Lake and LWTF History

The history of Lake Waramaug is a long and colorful one, and the LWTF has been in existence for a mere 38 years of that time. But the documentary video "Saving Lake Waramaug" demonstrates that these have been critical years for the lake, beginning with an alarming prognosis and continuing through a period of extraordinary dedication and hard work, scientific breakthrough, new challenges and constant vigilance.

The film uses some fascinating old photographs, documents, interviews, newspaper clippings and a brief outline of the complex science of limnology to create a narrative that is part history, part success story and part cautionary tale.

Phosphorus Reduction Bill Becomes Law

Governor Dannel P. Malloy signed into law the Phosphorus Reduction bill promoted by the Task Force and other water quality advocates throughout the state. With the signing on June 15, the bill becomes Public Act 12-155.

In a significant victory for the Task Force, the Lake Waramaug Association, the Connecticut Federation of Lakes and many other clean water advocates, this bill restricts the unnecessary and potentially harmful use of phosphorus in lawn fertilizers. The text of the bill is available here: PhosphorusBill.pdf

The bill, entitled "An Act Concerning Phosphorous Reduction in State Waters." was originally sponsored by Sen. Andrew Roraback and Rep. Clark Chapin and announced in February. Phosphorus is a key element promoting algae and weed growth in lakes and the reduction of phosphorus loading to Lake Waramaug from all sources has long been a primary goal of the Task Force. Accordingly, the Task Force encouraged area residents to communicate their support of this bill to key legislators. LWTF Executive Director Tom McGowan and limnologist Dr. Robert Kortmann appeared at the legislature's Environment Committee hearing where Dr. Kortmann provided expert testimony on the damaging effects of the element.

As is common in the legislative process, the bill's journey through the system required some modifications. One provision would have required the posting of prominent signage in stores selling fertilizer explaining the effects and proper use of phosphorus. It was removed from the bill and referred to the Department of Agriculture for later consideration. Other changes were of less significance and are consistent with similar legislation in neighboring states.

The passage of this important legislation in such a short period of time is a remarkable achievement. The Task Force thanks all of the legislators, other supporters and environmental organizations for their efforts. A special thanks to Margaret Miner, Executive Director of the Rivers Alliance of Connecticut, for her extraordinary efforts in Hartford.

Fall 2011


November Update on Lake Conditions

Mother Nature pitched two perfect storms at Lake Waramaug this year: heavy rains on top of record snow melt in March and "Irene" in August. The results were not pretty.

Snow-generated high phosphorus levels in the spring sustained rolling algae blooms. After an early summer algae breakout, our systems were able to cope with these adverse conditions through mid-July when we recorded 10-foot water clarity. But too much of the time this year algae painted the lake with a greenish coloring - evidence of the force of nature. It provided an eerie reminder of what the lake looked like in the summer of 1975 that spurred the founding of the Task Force.

Next year we will be better prepared to deal with the destructive impact of the successive algae blooms that plagued the lake this year. Not since the late 1990s have we witnessed such a high volume of algae in the lake. Waves of algae blooms died off and decayed and in the process used up oxygen in the lake at a much higher rate than normal. Oxygen was depleted from the deep water much earlier than usual, releasing phosphorus from bottom sediment — along with hydrogen sulfide, iron and other elements. Summer storms and winds churned up this phosphorus into the middle layer of the lake, feeding more algae growth. Also, hydrogen sulfide seeped into the bottoms of our Layer Air systems. The "rotten egg" sulfide odor was released at the lake surface only in the vicinity of the Layer Air systems, but we had to shut down the systems in consideration of the people who lived nearby.

Then in late August "Irene" delivered the knockout punch. Eroded stream banks and shorelines flooded the lake with more sediment and phosphorus. The hurricane force winds mixed the lake from top to almost the bottom. Once this happens there is no advantage to operating our inlake systems. Thus after Irene, two to four weeks earlier than usual, our systems were shut down. Our scientists are concerned that algae and poor water clarity conditions will likely continue until the water cools this fall. Even worse, they are worried that the damaging effects of these storms may carry over to next spring.

In response the Task Force approved modifications to the Layer Air systems and the Arrow Point "Frost" system. Divers will adjust the intake ports on the Layer Air systems and the intake flume at the Frost system will be modified to protect against the upwelling of hydrogen sulfide that hampered these systems' operation in 2011.

Nevertheless we remain positive. We are pleased that our invasive weed program continues to be successful. Plant specialists conducted comprehensive shoreline weed inspections, divers hand removed all invasive plants and the lake motorboat weed inspection program (422 boats inspected) contained the spread of curly leaf pondweed and prevented new invasive plants from taking hold.

The work of the Task Force remains challenging. Each new problem demands a solution that our lake scientists continue to meet. All of you who support us are such an important part of our success. When you have a lake as beautiful as Waramaug, the effort and expense are necessary and worthwhile. Thank you so much to those who continue to make the Task Force a priority in your charitable giving. We invite new donors to join us in the ongoing project of saving Lake Waramaug.

Linda Frank, Chairman
Thomas A. J. McGowan, Executive Director

Peter P. Mullen, 1928-2011

The Task Force mourns the loss of Peter Mullen, a long-time board member and an outstanding leader in the protection and preservation of Lake Waramaug, who died on October 15. Peter had also served as president of the Lake Waramaug Association. His guidance and generosity have had a major impact on the lake community and his extraordinary contributions to our efforts will be greatly missed.

Summer 2011

Lake Suffering from Spring Nutrient Surge

Sucker Brook, looking north, between the Lake and North Shore Road.
In a delayed reaction that demonstrates the fragile balance of lake ecology, Lake Waramaug's water has suffered this summer from a chain of negative occurrences caused by unusually strong rainstorms in the early spring.

Some of that rain occurred while the ground was at least partially frozen, exacerbating the damaging effects of nutrients, from both organic and chemical fertilizers as well as other products, being washed into the lake. The major source of the nutrient loading is Sucker Brook which accounts for about half of the lake's water inflow.

The primary catalyst is phosphorus. Measurements of that element between the months of April and May were 40 parts per billion near the surface of the lake, about double the expected number. That created algae blooms in early summer that were more severe than usual, and the decomposition of that algae in turn created more nutrients and "echo' effects that are still being experienced today.

Complicating matters, the resulting buildup in the nutrient-rich lower depths of the lake, the hypolimnion, has reached the lower intake ports of the Layer Aeration Systems which operate in the New Preston basin of the lake, requiring temporary shutdowns for adjustments. Those systems have worked effectively under stressful conditions this summer, and need to be fully operational to isolate nutrients and end the current cycle.

The Task Force continues to work energetically to address the current situation and avoid future surges. The Board of Directors has approved a substantial expenditure of funds for modifications and repairs to the Layer Aeration Systems and the Frost Aeration facility on Arrow Point. In the longer term, new in-lake technologies are being examined and efforts in land preservation, conservation easements and nutrient controls in the watershed have taken on increased urgency.

The State of the Lake, Summer 2011

Executive Director Tom McGowan addresses the Sucker Brook delta issue during his "State of the Lake" presentation on June 12, 2011.
Lake Waramaug Task Force/Lake Waramaug Association Joint Meeting

The state of Lake Waramaug continues to be good despite somewhat reduced water clarity this spring and continuing concerns regarding invasive plants and the Sucker Brook delta buildup, as reported by the Task Force Executive Director Tom McGowan at the joint LWTF/Lake Association meeting on June 12.

This year's meeting was well attended and Mr. McGowan presented a summary of all the projects recommended by the LWTF limnologist Dr. Robert Kortmann. These include the effort to further improve water clarity and reduce algae and weeds by extending the spring "clear water" diatom phase into June and the concept of using mini wind turbines to power small layer air systems on favorable wind speed shoreline locations.

Mr. McGowan also highlighted the results of the erosion survey in the Sucker Brook watershed done by the Northwest Conservation District for the Task Force. He presented some conceptual plans that are under consideration, including improvement at the delta, a large sediment basin upstream and the creation of protected buffer strips along the stream bank. The Task Force has obtained the names and addressed of property owners on Sucker Brook where there are erosion sites identified in the Northwest Conservation District survey. LWTF will be contacting owners to suggest stabilization of these sites and offer technical assistance.

Layer-Air Systems Start-up

The in-lake Layer Aeration Systems and the compressor that powers those systems were given complete inspections by Ecosystems Consulting and start-up was initiated in early June. Portions of the compressed air lines had to be repositioned and the compressor itself needed some significant maintenance work. Ecosystems then began its schedule of lake testing and monitoring. In addition, LWTF summer intern Colin McGowan began his weekly secchi disc, water temperature and dissolved oxygen readings at one meter intervals at established monitoring sites.

The Frost System

The start up of the Frost system on Arrowpoint was delayed waiting for the Town of Warren road crew to remove the sediment layer at the bottom of the Frost site concrete basin. Almost 30 years of leaves and other debris have built up in the basin and removing them had become critical as it was approaching the level of the outlet plug. Warren, using special equipment it has for a brief time as part of a shared area town equipment program, cleaned out a good portion of the debris but not all of it.

With the help of Dick Loughney, arrangements were made for a contractor to shovel out and haul away as much of the remaining debris as possible. This effort was also delayed by the heavy rains and lightning, but the system was successfully restarted in late June. Ecosystems Consulting advised the Task Force that the delayed startup is unlikely to cause any harm to the lake due to relatively cool and wet conditions while the system was down.

Invasive Aquatic Plant Management

The Curlyleaf Pondweed eradication/control program continued this year with Bruce Lockhart and his divers pulling and covering weed beds on June 13 and 14 and Dr. George Knoecklein conducted the entire shoreline survey for all invasive plants on June 15th. Again Lockhart was able to find, pull and cover plants in various locations on the north (Warren) shore with most being found at the Sucker Brook outlet and along the section of the shore west of Sucker Brook. Some were found on the west side of Randall's Point. Knoecklein conducted his plant survey the day after Lockhart finished and found only a few Curlyleaf Pondweed plants and two water chestnut plants which were removed. Knoecklein recorded all these plant locations with a GPS device and provided that information to Lockhart who returned to these sites early in July and found and removed additional invasive plants.

The Task Force will continue to monitor the shoreline and report the results to Lockhart who will return as needed with divers to remove plants and control the spread of these invasives.

Summer 2010

Summer 2010 Brought Challenges, Responses... and Celebration!

The summer of 2010 was the most active and interesting in recent memory for the Lake Waramaug Task Force and the entire lake community. It began with an extreme weather pattern that put unusual stress on water quality, and a recognition that the Sucker Brook sedimentation has become an issue that needs to be addressed. More positively, this past summer also saw a full implementation of the boat inspection program and continued with the LWTF's 35th anniversary — a series of events that celebrated not just clear waters but the area's rich artistic and historic heritage.

Lake Conditions. A lack of rain and a record-breaking number of 90+ degree days in the late spring and early summer promoted alarming algae blooms that were more severe than any the lake has suffered in years. However the essentially robust underlying health of the lake, due in part to Task Force initiatives and community cooperation to limit the introduction of nutrients — particularly phosphorous — into the water, allowed for an impressive recovery that brought clarity levels back to 8 feet in early August.

Invasive aquatic plants continued to threaten. The persistence of Curlyleaf Pondweed was evident when Task Force inspections began in the early spring. We were pleased to see most sites treated last year were free of invasive plants but we also we found new plants near some of these "old" sites and at a few new sites. The plants were identified and their positions recorded using GPS for future monitoring. Where we found a low density of plants they were removed by hand — an expensive and labor intensive procedure. Divers covered denser clumps of plants with our special plastic bottom barrier. The result: Nearly all were gone by the end of June. No chemical applications were used.

Sucker Brook Sedimentation. Sucker Brook, which runs into Lake Waramaug at the northeast corner of the lake, accounts for more than half of the inflow of water. Over the years, sediment buildup has created a delta which restricts the flow of cool water to the proper levels of the lake; this is harmful to marine life and creates algae and weed growing conditions as well as safety and aesthetic issues. In 1985 the Task Force dredged a deep channel through this delta which for 15 years helped improve the lake. Today, after years of continued stream bank erosion and sediment loading to the lake, not more than a shadow of this channel remains. Once again the Task Force has been actively seeking a solution to the problem, working with the Northwest Conservation District on a proposal for a detailed brook shoreline erosion survey and with the Task Force limnologist, Dr. Robert Kortmann, to evaluate innovative solutions, which will require work both upstream and on the delta. These efforts will continue through the winter.

Boat Launch Inspections. 2010 was the first full summer of operation for the new Washington Boat Launch facility with mandatory inspections to prevent the introduction of invasive plants into the lake. The process went smoothly and effectively, despite the fact that more boats were inspected than ever. We are encouraged and grateful that the vast majority of boats came to the ramp weed-free. A small number of boats were found with weeds and were turned away, saving the lake from ecological damage and the high cost of removing invasive plants.

35th Anniversary Events. In celebrating the 35th anniversary of the Lake Waramaug Task Force, record numbers of people came to the Gunn Museum retrospective on the colorful history of Lake Waramaug, the lectures at the Gunn Library and the stunning show at the Washington Art Association featuring beautiful paintings of the lake. These and other events served as a continuing reminder of how important Lake Waramaug is to all of us, and how critical our work is as we begin our 36th year.

10 Tips for Waterfront Stewardship

Click to download PDF.
If you have native vegetation along your shoreline, consider yourself and the local wildlife fortunate. A mature native buffer represents many years of nature at work and discourages undesirable exotic plants and animals while attracting songbirds, butterflies, turtles and frogs.

This is one of 10 Simple Shoreland Stewardship Practices described in a valuable piece published by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and the University of Wisconsin. Other important practices regularly encouraged by the Task Force include the use of zero-phosphorus fertilizer, the proper disposal of household waste and the reduction of impervious surface areas.

While the entire region shares long-term responsibility for the water quality of Lake Waramaug and our other lakes, those with lakeshore property and land along the rivers and streams which feed into the lake have a special opportunity to make a positive impact. Download this information and start working on a healthy, natural, appealing waterfront landscape.

New Guide to Invasive Aquatic Plants in Connecticut

A "Must-Have" for Concerned Lake Waramaug Residents and Users

The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES) has recently released a wonderful identification guide to Connecticut's invasive aquatic and wetland plants. It can be downloaded as a PDF here (8.8 MB). A limited number of printed copies are available from CAES on request (email: Martha.Balfour@ct.gov).

This is a must-have publication for all Waramaug residents and lake users concerned about aquatic invasive plants. It provides crisp clear photos and keys to the identification of all invasive plants found by the CAES scientists as part of their statewide survey of invasive aquatic plants in Connecticut lakes and ponds. So far the CAES scientists have studied 162 Connecticut lakes and ponds as part of an intensive Statewide invasive aquatic plant study. At Waramaug we have found and are removing three invasive aquatic plants. The greatest threat has been Curlyleaf Pondweed which we have found and are removing from scatter locations primarily on the north shore. We removed the single Fanwort plant found in one of our regular invasive plant shoreline surveys and covered a bed of another invasive found in one location along the State Park shoreline.

However, we remain concerned that other invasive plants may find their way into the lake. The guide will help you with the often difficult task of identify these plants. It reports on the origins of each plant and shows where these plants have been found or reported in Connecticut lakes.

Prepared by Experiment Station Scientists Greg Bugbee and Martha Balfour, it also explains what you should do if you find a plant discussed in the guide. At Waramaug, of course, you should contact the Task Force at 860-868-0331.

It is very important for all lake residents and lake users to become familiar with the invasive aquatic plants that threaten the habitat and recreational values of Waramaug. Download this guide and use it. It is an essential part of our Waramaug invasive aquatic plant educational and prevention program.

The following from the introduction to the guide explains why it is important to prevent the spread of these plants, summarizes the CAES findings to date and key provisions of the State Invasive Plant law.

"Because invasive species are not native, they have few natural enemies. Their dramatic growth rates can clog water intakes, decrease recreational opportunities, reduce local real estate values, and alter native ecosystems (Connecticut Aquatic Nuisance Species Working Group, 2006, Fishman et al. 1998).

Recent vegetation surveys of 162 lakes and ponds, by the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station Invasive Aquatic Plant Program (CAES IAPP), found one or more invasive plants in nearly two-thirds of the water bodies (CAES IAPP, 2010). Approximately three-quarters of the invasive aquatic plant species in southern New England were introduced as cultivated plants (Les and Mehrhoff, 1999).

These introductions come from recreational boating (Couch and Nelson, 1985), dumping of unwanted plants from aquariums, water gardening, and plant fragments mixed with live bait used by fishermen. Spread of invasive plants from one lake to another also occurs naturally by wildlife and downstream flow.

Once established, eradication of invasive aquatic plants is extremely difficult. Preventing introductions by inspections, early detection and rapid response is critically important. This guide is intended to provide information on the identification and distribution of the 22 aquatic plants listed as invasive or potentially invasive (Table 1) by the Connecticut General Statute (Sec. 22a-381d). The sale of these plants, with the exception of common waterhyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes), is also banned by State Statute and their transport is limited to activities associated with control and education. Fines of up to $75.00 can be imposed for each violation."

Lake Waramaug Organizations

There are several organizations involved with matters affecting Lake Waramaug. Who does what? Here's a basic guide to the primary function of each:

Art Auction Benefits LWTF

Right, "August High," oil on canvas, mounted on panel, 13" x 32" by Charles Raskob Robinson is from a series of more than thirty paintings by the artist. All of the paintings are of the same scene but were executed on location — en plein air — at different times of the year. The paintings were exhibited, along with those of many other artists, at the Washington Art Association this past summer.

In celebration of the 35th Anniversary of the Lake Waramaug Task Force, the Washington Art Association generously shared their gallery commission on the sale of Mr. Robinson's paintings with the Lake Waramaug Task Force. Our deep gratitude to both!

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